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The El Paso Miracle

>> miércoles, julio 08, 2009

Realmente me llamó mucho la atención el artículo de reason.com "The El Paso Miracle",
Aqui unos extractos:

The El Paso Miracle
How can a comparatively poor, high-immigration town that sits across the border from super-violent Ciudad Juarez be one of the safest big cities in America?

By conventional wisdom, El Paso, Texas should be one of the scariest cities in America. In 2007, the city's poverty rate was a shade over 27 percent, more than twice the national average. Median household income was $35,600, well below the national average of $48,000. El Paso is three-quarters Hispanic, and more than a quarter of its residents are foreign-born. Given that it's nearly impossible for low-skilled immigrants to work in the United States legitimately, it's safe to say that a significant percentage of El Paso's foreign-born population is living here illegally.

(...)
Here's the surprise: There were just 18 murders in El Paso last year, in a city of 736,000 people. To compare, Baltimore, with 637,000 residents, had 234 killings. In fact, since the beginning of 2008, there were nearly as many El Pasoans murdered while visiting Juarez (20) than there were murdered in their home town (23).

El Paso is among the safest big cities in America. For the better part of the last decade, only Honolulu has had a lower violent crime rate (El Paso slipped to third last year, behind New York). Men's Health magazine recently ranked El Paso the second "happiest" city in America, right after Laredo, Texas—another border town, where the Hispanic population is approaching 95 percent.

So how has this city of poor immigrants become such an anomaly? Actually, it may not be an anomaly at all. Many criminologists say El Paso isn't safe despite its high proportion of immigrants, it's safe because of them.

(...)

What's happening with Latinos is true of most immigrant groups throughout U.S. history. "Overall, immigrants have a stake in this country, and they recognize it," Northeastern University's Levin says. "They're really an exceptional sort of American. They come here having left their family and friends back home. They come at some cost to themselves in terms of security and social relationships. They are extremely success-oriented, and adjust very well to the competitive circumstances in the United States." Economists Kristin Butcher and Anne Morrison Piehl argue that the very process of migration tends to select for people with a low potential for criminality.

(...)

El Paso may be a concentrated affirmation of that theory. In 2007 the Washington Post reported on city leaders' wariness of anti-immigration policies coming out of Washington. The city went to court (and lost) in an effort to prevent construction of the border fence within its boundaries, and local officials have resisted federal efforts to enlist local police for immigration enforcement, arguing that it would make illegals less likely to cooperate with police. "Most people in Washington really don't understand life on the border," El Paso Mayor John Cook told the Post. "They don't understand our philosophy here that the border joins us together, it doesn't separate us."

Other mayors could learn something from Cook. El Paso's embrace of its immigrants might be a big reason why the low-income border town has remained one of the safest places in the country.

Esto es de llamar la atención, platicando con amigos, vemos que una vez "cruzando el puente", la gente "cambia". La misma gente que esta en Cd. Juarez, es practicamente la misma gente que tambien va a El Paso y viceversa. La diferencia?
Solo basta cruzar el puente para que la gente, respete y de el paso al Peaton, haga los altos correspondientes, use el cinturon de seguridad, respete los límites de velocidad, no tire basura en la calle, respete a los vecinos, respete los semafaros, y un sin fin de cosas.

No tan solo hay diferencia en las conductas de las personas entre un lado de la frontera y otro.
Tambien se puede ver diferencia en la infraestructura, en El Paso, es claramente visible que los impuestos que se cobran, se usan y se usan bien, para muestra algunos botones.

2 Comentarios:

Sergio Mendoza julio 16, 2009 8:21 a.m.  

Me parece muy acertada la observación de que los mismos ciudadanos que a veces visitan o viven en El Paso son los que viven o tienen sus orígenes en México. En sí, la situación de la frontera es una situación muy compleja, y creo que poco se hace por comprenderla (esto también lo menciona el alcalde John Cook). Pienso que para lograr este entendimiento y progreso tan deseado es necesario que toda la ciudadanía se involucre, aunque sea sólo realizando lo que esté a su alcance. Acabo de crear un proyecto para promover este tipo de ideas y lo invito a usted y a los demás lectores de su blog a que accesen a mi blog y me digan qué piensan. La dirección es http://infinitojuarez.blogspot.com. Gracias

Miguel julio 24, 2009 1:32 p.m.  

Muchas gracias por tu comentario.

Efectivamente los grandes cambios comienzan por uno y hacer lo que uno pueda y de la mejor manera, por ahi dice una cita, un gran recorrido comienza por un paso.

Visitare tu blog, y dejare mis comentarios.
gracias y saludos.

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